Parathyroid cancer is a cancerous growth in aparathyroid gland. It usually occurs in people over the age of 30, with men and women being equally affected.
The cause of parathyroid cancer is unknown, but people who have had head or neck radiation may be at an increased risk. Such radiation exposure is, however, more likely to cause thyroid cancer.
Symptoms of parathyroid cancer are primarily caused by high levels of calcium in theblood and may affect various parts of the body. Individuals suffering from parathyroid cancer often experience bone pain, constipation, fractures, kidney stones, muscle weakness, nausea, vomiting, fatigue, and poor appetite. Symptoms also include frequent thirst and urination.
In most cases it is often clear that the patient has parathyroid cancer since the PTH levels can be very high. Surgery is the treatment choice for this rare type of cancer. The cancer is usually large enough to be found on per-operative localization studies. When found, the surgery needs to remove the cancer as well as the surrounding lymph nodes and the half of thyroid on the same side.
Dr. Larian always aims to use minimally invasive surgery, which uses smaller cuts, when treating parathyroid cancer. To schedule a parathyroid consultation with Dr. Larian please call 310.461.0300.