Parotid Tumor


Both benign (non-cancerous) and cancerous tumors may develop in the salivary glands. The majority of salivary gland tumors begin in the parotid glands (80 percent), with approximately 10 percent occurring in the submandibular, and the remainder forming in the sublingual glands and the minor glands.

parotid-tumorApproximately 80 percent of tumors found in the parotid glands are benign, whereas 50 percent of submandibular tumors and only 35 percent of sublingual and minor glands are benign. Our ear, nose, and throat specialist, serving all of Southern California, can perform a biopsy to determine whether a growth is cancerous or not.

Although they will not spread to other parts of the body, benign tumors of the salivary glands may affect surrounding nerves, and make surgery more difficult as they grow around the nerve. It is also possible for benign tumors to become cancerous. Thus, removal of the tumor and close monitoring are necessary in order to prevent a more serious situation. Treatment of cancerous tumors also almost always involves surgical removal.

Salivary Gland Tumors

When surgical removal of a salivary gland by a qualified ear, nose, and throat specialist becomes necessary, Beverly Hills-area patients trust Dr. Babak Larian, a highly respected ear, nose, and throat specialist in Southern California who performs parotidectomy and submandibular gland resection surgeries for the benefit of his patients.

Risk Factors

Exposure to radiation is the most well-known cause of salivary gland cancer. This includes environmental exposure and radiation therapy for cancer of the head or neck. Individuals who are consistently exposed to industrial solvents, pesticides, or sawdust may have an increased risk of developing a type of salivary gland malignancy that affects the nose and sinuses.

Symptoms

In advanced cases, pain and facial paralysis may be indicators of a parotid tumor. The most common symptom of salivary gland cancer, however, is a painless mass.

Diagnosis

When a salivary gland tumor is discovered, a fine needle biopsy is often indicated to determine whether it is benign or cancerous. To ascertain the extent of the tumor, an MRI scan of the face and neck may be indicated.

Treatments

When surgical removal of a salivary gland by a qualified ear, nose, and throat specialist becomes necessary, Beverly Hills-area patients trust Dr. Babak Larian, a highly respected ear, nose, and throat specialist in Southern California who performs minimally invasive parotidectomy and submandibular gland resection surgeries.

Submandibular Gland Resection

To remove a submandibular gland that is affected with a tumor, or is chronically infected, a submandibular gland resection is performed. During this procedure, a one and a half-inch-long incision is created beneath the lower jaw. The gland is separated from the surrounding tissue and carefully extracted through the incision. Our ear, nose, and throat specialist in Beverly Hills uses advanced techniques to ensure that the nerves that run through this area remain unharmed during the procedure.

Facial Paralysis

In the event that a facial nerve is cut for purposes of removing the cancer during a parotidectomy or submandibular gland resection, Dr. Larian is often able to perform reconstructive facial reanimation immediately to restore movement to the facial musculature.

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To learn more about parotid tumors, call our office today at 310.461.0300!

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